Herein is my Father glorified This does not so much refer to what goes before, concerning the disciples abiding in Christ, and he and his words abiding in them, and doing for them whatever they ask, though by all this God is glorified; as to what follows, the fruitfulness of the disciples: ’ , the gnomic aorist, cf.1 Peter 1:24; and see Burton, M. and T., 43, and Grotius: “Hi aoristi sine designatione temporis significant quid fieri soleat, pro quo et praesens saepe usurpatur”. John 15:6 If anyone does not remain in Me, he is like a branch that is thrown away and withers. Then they would bear much fruit. John 15:6 ESV - If anyone does not abide in me he is - Bible Gateway. If they were fruitless it would mean that God had failed in His purpose towards them to work in them to will and to do of His good pleasure (Philippians 2:13). and the simply solemn expression has much in it that seizes the imagination. Some versions, as the Arabic, Syriac, and Persic, read this as an epithet of the word "branch", thus; "the branch that is withered"; expressing the condition the branch is in before it is cast forth out of the vineyard, and the reason of its being cast forth: but others read it as a new and distinct predicate of the branch, showing the case it is in, immediately upon its being cast forth: it may be cut off, and cast out with its leaves upon it, though without fruit; but as soon as ever it is ejected, it withers away. also Hebrews 6:8; Hebrews 10:27), and further in such a way that it is accomplished between the beginning of the falling away and the last day on which the gathering together and burning is now performed.(163). , “is cast out,” i.e., from the vineyard, as the next words show; here this means hopeless rejection. The first Aorist. ), not also the fire of the divine anger generally (Hengstenberg). . The result is , the natural capacity for fruit-bearing is destroyed. As Jesus is telling us here, we must have Him dwelling within us, and we must remain dwelling in Him by trust, obedience and prayer. There is no way to be lost if one, "being in Christ." The executioners of the Divine judgments are, throughout the chapter, the Gentiles. p. 289. So when unworthy members are put out of a church of Christ, the men of the world gather them into their society: or they are taken into the congregations of false teachers, who being sensual, and without the Spirit, separate themselves; or it may be read impersonally, "they are gathered", or "it is gathered": so wicked men, and Christless professors, will be gathered by the angels at the last day, and severed by them from the righteous, whom they will place at Christ's left hand to receive their awful doom: into the fire, and they are burned, or "it is burned"; for nothing else is such a branch good for; see Ezekiel 15:2. But that there is a certain latitude of interpretation, which will refer the not abiding, or the falling away, to the Gentiles who were to be called into the kingdom of God, is taught by the parable of the guest who had not on a wedding garment: comp. This may respect either the gnawings of conscience, that distress of mind, if not despair, that fearful looking for of judgment, and fiery indignation, which attend apostates in this life; or their being cast into the everlasting burnings of hell fire by angels at the last day, as will be the case of every unfruitful tree, of the chaff and tares. If a man is not truly united to him by faith, and does not live with a continual sense of his dependence on him. The vivid picture illustrates the fearful history of a man who willeth not to abide in Christ. The porter came in, and he had in his hand a bundle of twigs. Those vine shoots were parts of a good vine, no doubt, branches that once looked fair and green; but now they were fuel for the flame. The apostacy is, therefore, total. he is cast forth as a branch; that is unfruitful, and is therefore taken away from the vine, and cast forth out of the vineyard. On , Euthymius remarks “but are not consumed”. 15:6 If any one abide not in me - By living faith; not by Church communion only. The man who abides in me, and in whom I abide, bears much fruit, because without me you can do nothing. It cannot, therefore, plausibly be said that no apostates have ever existed. Also Matthew 8:12; Matthew 22:13. Many interpreters have taken John 15:6 as an exposition of John 15:2. It appears clearly from Ezekiel 15:5 that the wood of the vine, when once cut, was regarded as no longer able to serve any use except for burning. • The possibility of denying or not abiding in Jesus (13:36-38; 15:6). The being cast out refers to exclusion from the kingdom of God: comp. Compare Matthew 13:30, Matthew 13:39, Matthew 13:41. the fire. 2 He cuts off every branch in me that bears no fruit, while every branch that does bear fruit he prunes [ a ] so that it will be even more fruitful. not. See Matthew 13:12.— συνάγουσιν, gather together) Matthew 13:40-41.— αὐτὰ, them) viz. ), Just as abiding in Christ infers grace for grace, fruit for fruit, so not abiding in Christ draws after it the judgment of being rejected, the successive steps to which are presented to us in the words: cast forth, wither, gather, cast into the fire, burn. The apostacy is, therefore, total. The not bearing fruit is a miserable lot. I prefer view three, but I concede that view two may be correct. Here our holy Lord discovers the sad and deplorable condition of such professors, who pretending relation to Christ, do yet bring forth no fruit unto him: he calls them withered branches, fit only for the fire. Faith can be lost (Hebrews 6:4-6), and with it the ability to bear fruit. As I took the bundle into my hand, I found it was made of vine branches--branches that had been cut off now that the pruning time was come. We may indeed place a cast-off branch in water, and by that means keep it for a time from completely withering; but it is of no lasting good: so it is no use for a man inwardly dead and forsaken by the Holy Ghost to force forward for a while the appearance of a pious life from his own strength; it cannot last long, seldom until his end, and then his withered state is manifest. John 15:6. Zigabenus; and how terrible in its tragic simplicity! To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. In Jn 15:9–13a, the words for love are related to the Greek agapaō. branches into the bundle. The figure derived from the treatment of the fruitless branch is continued in ’ , cf.Matthew 13:49-50; and Matthew 13:41-42. . It is not accidental that our Lord here uses the third person; not saying, "If ye abide not in Me," although immediately afterwards the direct address returns in ver. He is gathered - becomes (through the judgment of God) again united with backsliders like himself and other workers of iniquity; and, being abandoned to his own heart and Satan, he is. Grammat. Pruning may involve premature death or some other form of divine discipline but certainly not loss of salvation and perhaps not even loss of reward. 20:10-15). ought to be accounted), but concerning the branch which is amongst the trees of the Others believe He implied that believers who do not abide in Christ will suffer the loss of reward at the judgment seat of Christ (cf. This was a common thing, when branches were thrown out of a vineyard, for men to come and gather them up for an use hereafter mentioned. the prophet is, "O son of man, what is the vine tree more than any tree?" Chapter 17 is Jesus' prayer for his disciples, and chapter 18 starts with his arrest and betrayal. The whole process undergone by the fruitless branch is described in these six verbs, John 15:2, , , , , , and each detail is thus given for the sake of emphasising the inevitableness and the completeness of the destruction. ἐὰν μή τις] nisi quis manserit. Men gather them - The word “men” is not in the original, and should not have been in the translation. If we carefully note the double plural, we shall not hastily with Stier interpret the fire as meaning the "great furnace at the end of the world." καὶ συνάγ. The tenses of this verse should be carefully observed. 3 You are already clean because of the word I have spoken to you. If anyone does not abide in me he is thrown away like a branch and withers; and the branches are gathered, thrown into the fire, and … From Matthew 13:40-42, it seems that it will be done by the angels. He was their divinely-appointed Shepherd, and they His flock; but they did not abide in Him, they violently sundered themselves from Him. All bloom and every sign of well-being passed away with the rejection of the Messiah. (R. Besser, D. D.), One year when I was travelling towards my usual winter resting place I halted at Marseilles, and there was overtaken by great pain. God is the author of righteousness, and Jesus is the Son of God, because He gives the method and secret by which alone righteousness is possible, And that He does give this, we can verify from experience. For John, the two roots seem synonymous and mean “to love”; cf. "The Son of Man shall send forth His angels, and they shall gather out of His kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity", "Son of man, what is the vine tree more than any tree, or than a branch which is among the trees of the forest?". Outside it, the ζωή of the man who has fallen away, which he had derived from Christ, has completely perished and is dead. What a fearful change has passed upon Judaism, in regard to this, since the rejection of Christ! It cannot, therefore, plausibly be said that no apostates have ever existed. Кто не пребудет во Мне. KJV W/ STRONGS BIBLE - JOHN 15 PREVIOUS CHAPTER - NEXT CHAPTER - HELP - FB - TWITTER - GR VIDEOS - GR FORUMS - GR YOUTUBE . . The positive consequences of abiding are discussed in John 15:7-8. 3:17; 2Фес. 6. Many interpreters who believe that all genuine believers will inevitably persevere in the faith and good works tend to do this. Jesus said the vinedresser disposes of them. But doctrine must never be established on the basis of the interpretation of these pictures. Euth. See "except" in John 15:4. or will men take a pin …, Ezekiel 17:9 Say you, Thus said the Lord GOD; Shall it prosper? He may thus abide in Christ, and be withered all the time, and cast into the fire at last. The test of whether we are Christians is not whether we have joined the church, but whether we have received Christ in personal faith; whether He has entered our lives and made us His own;, whether we are continuing in Him. No branch can bear fruit by itself; it must remain in the vine. Our Lord yet pursueth the metaphor of the vine, the branches, and the husbandman: Look (saith he) its it is with a vine, when the time of pruning the vine cometh, the vine dresser cutteth off the fruitless, luxuriant branches, and throws them by; which being done, their greenness presently abates, and they wither, and after a time some come and gather them up, and cast them into some fire, where they are burned: so it will be with you; if you do not bring forth fruit, God will take from you his common influences, which have for a while made you to look speciously; and your profession, or your parts and gifts, will wither and decay; and in the day of judgment the angels shall gather you up, and God shall cast you into hell, Matthew 13:40,41, where you shall perish as miserably, nay, infinitely more miserably, than if you were burned with fire. If a man abide not in me,— "To shew you further the necessity of abiding steadfastlyin this union and communion with me, and, ofcourse, in the experience of the power of my religion, producing the fruits of holiness internal and external, I would propose to your consideration the dreadful effects and punishment of apostacy. The threatening of John 15:6 cannot be referred to the Jewish nation and its destruction by the Romans, as Hengstenberg has asserted. The thought remains suspended in view of this fire which burns, and burns always. [Note: Derickson, "Viticulture and . viz. If a man abide not in me,.... Christ does not say, "if ye abide not in me"; he would not suppose this of his true disciples; Judas now being removed, to whom he may have some respect in this verse; though it may be applied to anyone who has made a profession of Christ, and denies the truths of the Gospel, neglects the ordinances of it, or walks unworthy of his profession: of whom the following things may be truly said. And [men] gather them. It should be noted that as with all pictures different people interpret the details differently. The subject of συνάγ. Matthew 13:24-30; Matthew 13:36-43. John 15 is among the farewell conversations that include the last teachings that Jesus extended to his disciples before his death. These are the five steps in the judgment; the complete execution of which is, by God’s long suffering, delayed. Timeless or gnomic use of the first aorist passive indicative of βαλλω ballō as the conclusion of a third-class condition (see also John 15:4, John 15:7 for the same condition, only constative aorist subjunctive μεινητε meinēte and μεινηι meinēi in John 15:7). If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, you will ask what you desire, and it shall be done for you. Наша плоть, взыграв, не должна лишить нас корня во Христе. They tend to impose their doctrine on this verse and make the verse fit their theology rather than interpreting the verse in its context. καὶ καίετα ι] and they burn! He again lays before them the punishment of ingratitude, and, by doing so, excites and urges them to perseverance. kathairo) the vines for the winter by cutting off the dead wood. The aorists therefore neither denote what is wont to be (Grotius), nor do they stand for futures (Kuinoel, B. Crusius, and older expositors), nor are they to be explained “par la répétition de l’acte aussi longtemps que dure l’opération de la taille” (Godet); nor are they designed, as in Matthew 18:15, to express that which is at once done or appointed to be done with the non-abiding (so most expositors, including Lücke, Winer, Tholuck, De Wette, Luthardt, Weiss, Hengstenberg; comp. or will men take a pin of it to hang any vessel thereon? But this only shows that without the miraculous interposition it would have been consumed. Pater amputavit palmites: sed plures sunt qui eos colligunt. We gather together because we are ‘in Christ’, we are not ‘in Christ’ because we gather together. If a man . If it is not pointing us towards such a responsive faith in Him then it is failing in its responsibility, and betraying us. ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 15:6 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894ἐὰν μή τις μείνῃ ἐν ἐμοί, ἐβλήθη ἔξω ὡς τὸ κλῆμα, καὶ ἐξηράνθη, καὶ συνάγουσιν αὐτὰ καὶ εἰς πῦρ βάλλουσι, καὶ καίεται. Hence ἔξω refers to the vineyard, so far as this is the community. And oh! John 3:3; John 3:5. ἐβλήθη ἔξω, κ. τ. Especially we must bear in mind the symbolical treatment of the fig-tree that bore no fruit, but leaves only, Matthew 21:18 seq., Mark 11:12-14; as also the parable of the vineyard, Matthew 21:33, Mark 12:1 seq. ἐὰν μή τις μένῃ ἐν ἐμοί, ἐβλήθη ἔξω ὡς τὸ κλῆμα καὶ ἐξηράνθη, καὶ συνάγουσιν αὐτὸ καὶ εἰς τὸ πῦρ βάλλουσιν, καὶ καίεται. a He is cast out, and withered, like a branch. This serves to intimate that the not abiding and the cutting off of Judas would not apply to any other of the Apostles; that to the remainder belonged rather the promises addressed to such as should abide in Christ. —Separated from Christ; no longer justified through his blood. Unless a person abides in me, he is thrown away like a pruned branch and dries up. It stands opposed to the fuller picture, drawn for the encouragement of the apostles, of their possible advancement in Christian grace and happiness. Yes, your joy will overflow! It points to the solemn fact, that with severance from Christ all life and prosperity cease. It signifies rather the Divine judgment, as in Deuteronomy 32:22 : "For a fire is kindled in Mine anger" (here fire is evidently expounded as wrath), "and shall burn unto the lowest hell; and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains." John 15:6. ἐν ἐμοὶ , in Me ) as in the vine.— ἐβλήθη ) By that very fact he is (he renders himself) deserving of being cast out: and accordingly he shall surely be cast out . He is withered - deprived of all the influences of God's grace and Spirit; loses all his heavenly unction; becomes indifferent, cold, and dead to every holy and spiritual word and work. 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