But skill shortages arise for other reasons not related to skills. Reasons for shortages relate to growth occupations that require a mix of skills that are not readily available on the labour market, for instance, the combination of knowledge in various ICT related areas, leadership and communication skills (e.g. The following occupations that were previously considered lower skill level have now been recommended for the Shortage Occupation List: Healthcare practice managers (1241) Residential, day and domiciliary care managers and proprietors (1242) Dispensing opticians (3216) in Belgium, have to obtain a work permit for an occupation on the regional shortage occupations lists for the first year of work in Belgium. The “Care Ambassador” initiative is continued in Action plan 3.0 ‘Make work of work in the health and social care sector’ [8]. For example, a STEM-policy was developed to make science and technology more attractive to students, raise the number of students in higher education STEM studies and create a higher number of professionals in science and technology sectors. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [5] Actiris (2015), Analyse van de knelpunten beroepen in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest 2014, [6] Actiris (2015), Analyse van de knelpunten beroepen in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest 2014, [7] European Commission (2014), Recruitment and Retention of the Health Workforce in Europe. You must have ongoing, full-time employment in an occupation that was on the Long Term Skill Shortage List LTSSL) at the time you were granted a work visa, or an occupation that is on the LTSSL at the time you apply for residence. However, the recovery in the hospitality sector has been stronger, driven by, amongst other things, a reduction in the VAT rate applied to the restaurant and catering sub-sectors. For example, shortages of specialised doctors depend on the specialisation. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe/$FILE/EY_The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe.pdf, [32] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. A non-governmental initiative within the hospitality sector concerns a range of internships offered to undergraduates and graduates. [24], At national level there are no specific policy measures. European and national skill supply and demand forecasts for 2025: Now online, Skill shortages in Europe: Which occupations are in demand – and why. For example, for the academic year 2015-2016, only 262 students chose electro mechanics for a bachelor programme and 33 for a master degree [23]. Immigration New Zealand’s Regional Skill Shortage List first and then match the occupation to the one on this list. For healthcare occupations an ageing society is increasing demand for social care and medical services. At the same time, the number of nurse/carer vacancies in Flanders decreased. Any data or information pertaining to the UK will be gradually phased out from Cedefop’s website, publications and online tools, as ongoing research projects with the United Kingdom’s participation are concluded. technical managers, technicians in the natural and applied sciences). Immigration Rules Appendix Shortage Occupation List. If your skills appear in these shortage lists, you will not have to prove there is a lack of New Zealand labour to get a job in these areas, which is otherwise required for skilled migrants. The PES of the Flemish Region offers, together with G4S a market leader in security solutions, a free training for jobseekers to become a security agent. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [11] ISCO 351 Information and communications technology operations and user support technicians, ISCO 252 Database and network professionals, ISCO 251 Software and applications developers and analysts, ISCO 133 Information and communications technology service managers, [12] European Commission (2014). In addition, the ICT federation AGORIA (Federation of the Technology Industry) took action to raise awareness about shortages in the ICT workforce. Recruitment problems arise also from the low qualifications of candidates and lack of experience. In some countries teaching has a negative image and salaries are low. [accessed 25-04-2016] jovandeurzen.be/sites/jvandeurzen/files/actieplan%20werk%20maken%20van%20werk%203%200_0.pdf, [9] Vlaamse overheid (2016), Genoeg lef en ambitie. If your occupation is listed on this list then you may assume that there is a high demand for your skills and not enough New Zealanders to fill the skill gap. To apply for this visa, you must hold a Long Term Skill Shortage List Work Visa and have worked in New Zealand for more than 2 years. Also see Note 1 at the … This website, as well as the publications and online tools accessible via this website, may contain UK data and analysis based on research conducted before the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union on 31 January 2020. Fast-track training opportunities for employed and unemployed people to qualify in shortage occupations are also being developed. Note that some occupations may have the same ANZSCO code but may have different requirements depending on the region. The skill shortage lists are revised regularly but I don’t expect this occupation to make the list. This list is effective from 1 January 2020, when the Employment Permits (Amendment) Regulations 2018 came into effect. According to the Flemish PES, nursing is a classic bottleneck occupation. Even though raising the retirement age and the increasing number of pupils had some positive effect, it is not enough. If your job is on the list, you can be paid 80% of the job’s usual going rate to qualify for a Skilled Worker visa. The Belgian hospitality sector has largely reflected wider economic performance, growing at approx. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [43] ISCO 225 Veterinarians, ISCO 324 Veterinary technicians and assistants, [44] Universiteit Gent (2016), Diergeneeskunde studeren? The skill-level of a particular occupation is measured on the length of time it would take to retrain a new entrant with the skills needed to perform the necessary duties of the job. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [14] Le Forem (2015), La détection des métiers en pénurie et des fonctions critiques en 2014. This requires time, energy and investments. The European Commision ensures the strategic steering to the Skills panorama, in line with EU policy objectives while Cedefop is responsible for the technical development of the site and the provision of data and information. Within the hospitality and tourism sector there are at least 14 types of internships [36]. A STEM reference framework and many support measures were developed to help schools implementing a quality STEM policy. It also provides insights into why skill shortages arise. Information about Long Term Skill Shortage List Work Visa. Healthcare occupations often require shift and weekend work and have high staff turnover. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [25] Vlaamse overheid (2016), Kiezen voor STEM. [5] Reasons for shortages vary depending also on the occupation. To apply, you’ll need to have the specified work experience, qualifications and occupational registration to work in an occupation on our Long Term Skill Shortage List, and an offer for work in that occupation. The nation has a low rate of unemployment. The PES for the Flemish Region reported “security agent” as a shortage occupation in 2014 with over 2 thousand vacancies going unfilled. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [27] Engineernet.be (2015), Steeds meer buitenlandse technici op tijdelijke basis ingehuurd – artikel. When jobs appear on Immigration New Zealand's skill shortage lists, this means the Government is actively encouraging skilled workers from overseas to work in that role in New Zealand. [27] In accordance with the Belgian labour migration policy, exemptions from the standard procedure (which aims only at specific labour demands) are granted to broader categories of foreigners. ICT business analysts). 3% per annum between 2000 and 2010. This list includes most occupations previously included in the Canterbury Skill Shortage List and will be reviewed to reflect actual labour market needs. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [33] Le Forem (2015), La détection des métiers en pénurie et des fonctions critiques en 2014. The main reason for skills shortage is that the expected inflow of graduates is too low to meet the demand of the labour market. To be able to apply for a visa under this category you will need to be 55 years or under, have the specified work experience, qualifications and occupational registration to work in an occupation on Long Term Skill Shortage List (LTSSL), and an offer for work in that occupation. The Shortage Occupation List (SOL) is a feature of the existing Tier 2 work migration route. [28]. (2013), Attracting Highly Qualified and Qualified Third Country Nationals to Belgium. job description, salary, training). [40] Reasons for shortages relate to unfavourable working conditions (safety issues, night shifts, working on weekends), which make the occupation less attractive to potential employees. The Long Term Skill Shortage List (LTSSL) identifies occupations where there is a sustained and on-going shortage of highly skilled workers both globally and throughout New Zealand. In short, Belgium does not explicitly use labour migration to address labour shortages, but does so indirectly through flexible procedures for highly skilled workers (and other categories such as More people, especially women, are being encouraged to study ICT and STEM subjects. Efforts are made also at secondary education level to attract more young people for these pathways. The sector organisation Horeca Vorming [37] provides training for job seekers willing to work in the hospitality sector. Evidence provided by the University of Ghent suggests that there is a surplus of veterinarians [44]. Read more on Cedefop’s new briefing note: Skill shortage and surplus occupations in Europe, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training. EU averages or other statistical parameters including the UK reflect the situation in the European Union before 31 January 2020 and should not be considered as representative of the situation in the EU thereafter. 8 case studies on selected topics addressing recruitment and retention of health professionals. In the Walloon region, in 2014 there were more than 1 thousand unfilled vacancies for nurses and 279 vacancies for specialized nurses [3]. This is where Belgium Campus comes in to address the needs. This list is part of Government immigration instructions … [30] In the hospitality sector, the food and beverage sub-sector is accounting for approximately 80% of turnover in the sector. For many ICT functions it is necessary to have a higher degree of education and to keep up to date with developments within the ICT sector. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/136/104/2015_Trim3_MDE_Focus_FonctionsCritiques2014.pdf. In addition, they need to undertake additional training to be able to deal with different aspects of well-being of patients. about Skills, qualifications and jobs in the EU: the making of a perfect match? Hoger Onderwijs in Cijfers 2015-2016 (pag 18);  [accessed 25-04-2016] www.ond.vlaanderen.be/HogerOnderwijs/werken/studentadmin/studentengegevens/HOIC_2015_2016.pdf, [24] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. Skills Panorama is brought to you by the European Commision, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion and powered by Cedefop, the European Centre for the Develeopment of Vocational Training. An increasing number of healthcare professionals work in sectors with better working conditions, such as the biotech industry and pharmaceuticals. [2]. However, the supply of ICT and STEM graduates from upper-secondary and higher education is insufficient to meet demand. › Tewerkstelling, www.ugent.be/di/nl/voor-toekomstige-studenten/onderwijs-studie-diergeneeskunde/tewerkstelling.htm. Focussed Study of the Belgian National Contact Point of the European Migration Network (EMN), ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/networks/european_migration_network/reports/docs/emn-studies/attracting/02._belgium_ational_report_attracting_highly_qualified_and_qualifed_third_country_nationals_final_en.pdf, www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe/$FILE/EY_The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe.pdf, Hospitality & tourism internships in Belgium, graduateland.com/s/hospitality-tourism-internships/belgium, Diergeneeskunde studeren? Employers also seek specialists with the right attitude and flexibility. In order to increase the inflow of nurses the following regional government initiatives have also been established [10]: job seekers can attend nursing education while maintaining their benefits, employees in caring functions have the right to use study facilities, nurses with a foreign education background are encouraged to obtain a degree in nursing through a shortened training program, the entry of returners (out of the labour market) is supervised and nurses are recruited from other countries (e.g. [31] According to the Flemish PES, there is a high demand for hotel, kitchen and hall staff. This is a skills competition, awarding innovating technologies to young people. speaking at least three languages French, Dutch and English). This concerns mostly small and household animal veterinarians; there is still demand for veterinarians of large animals (in agriculture). Call for evidence for Shortage Occupation List. [7] Since the start of the initiative the inflow of “generation students” –i.e. [accessed 25-04-2016] ec.europa.eu/chafea/documents/health/2015_healthworkforce_recruitment_retention_annex5_en.pdf, [8] Vlaamse overheid (2015), Actieplan 3.0 ‘Werk maken van werk in de zorg- en welzijnssector’. Le secteur de la sante et de l’action sociale en Wallonie  [accessed 25-04-2016] www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/986/164/20140116_Sante%26ActionSociale_Rapport2012-2013.pdf, [3] Le Forem (2015), La détection des métiers en pénurie et des fonctions critiques en 2014. If someone passes the selection tests, G4S gives a so-called recruiting promise - G4S is committed to provide a job offer for at least three months within a year after obtaining the training certificate for security guard. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [16] See: Actiris (2015), Analyse van de knelpunten beroepen in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest 2014, [17] European Commission (2014). These are also accompanied by measures and policies that aim to tackle such mismatches. Additionally, for some occupations (e.g. Total employment in the ICT service industry in Belgium has increased over the years despite a slow-down after 2008. January 2014; [accessed 25-04-2016] eskillsmonitor2013.eu/fileadmin/monitor2013/documents/country_reports/country_report_belgium_th.pdf, [18] Because Im Techie See here:  www.facebook.com/BecauseImTechie, [19] ISCO 315 Ship and aircraft controllers and technicians, ISCO 132 Manufacturing, mining, construction, and distribution managers, [20] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. We need to know not only where skill shortages arise, but why. It has occupations on the Immediate and Long Term Skill Shortage Lists that are directly relevant to the Canterbury and Christchurch rebuild. For more detailed findings on critical skill shortages for each Member State, go to the Skills Panorama website. The demand for ICT professionals is forecasted to triple by 2020. This guidance is provided for information purposes only and must be read with Immigration New Zealand’s published . The list below is based on an assessment of the labour market of Belgium. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.ond.vlaanderen.be/stem/, [26] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. According to Cedefop Director James Calleja, ‘Our findings are a snapshot of skill shortage occupations in Europe and our method is a vital piece of the skills anticipation jigsaw. Their expert assessment and knowledge of the country’s labour market has provided rich insights about the reasons behind the skills shortages or surpluses at occupational level. [35] EY (2013), Hospitality sector in Europe. Medical doctors and health professionals [1], Shortages exist in the health care sector, particularly in the nursing profession. In this way the standard procedure is circumvented. Given the working conditions, some of these professionals choose to work part-time or to retire early. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/136/104/2015_Trim3_MDE_Focus_FonctionsCritiques2014.pdf. Nevertheless, it has severe skill shortages in Engineering and IT industry. Recruitment problems can be explained by the possible lack of candidates with the desired profile as well as with the fact that often wages are not proportional to the requested technical competences. [4] Also the Brussels Capital Region PES identified hospital, geriatric, social and head nurses, physiotherapists and occupational therapists as bottleneck occupations for 2014. Another reason for shortages relates to higher employer requirements regarding technical knowledge and specific expertise e.g. Shortage occupation: an occupation that is in short supply of workers, and for which the employers typically face difficulties finding a suitable candidate. Your employer will have to show that no suitable New Zealand candidates were available before a visa may be granted. The shortfall in skills has therefore dropped from 4.07 million last year to 3.12 million. If you get a job in an occupation on the LTSSL and meet the list requirements, you may be granted a Work to Residence visa under the Long Term Skill Shortage List work visa . [29] Not in the list but evidence support there are shortage in the hospitality sector. However, it is still possible to apply for a work visa if an occupation is not on the list. Shortages exist in the health care sector, particularly in the nursing profession. 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